CYCLOSET HAD A
WELL ESTABLISHED TOLERABILITY PROFILE1

IN PHASE 3 CLINICAL TRIALS, THE MOST COMMONLY REPORTED ADVERSE EVENTS (AEs) WITH CYCLOSET WERE NAUSEA, FATIGUE, DIZZINESS, VOMITING, AND HEADACHE

Most commonly reported AEs (including nausea) usually occurred during initial titration and lasted a median of 14 days

None of the reports of nausea or vomiting were described as serious

Most common adverse events in 52-week safety study1*†
(≥5% of patients and numerically more frequent than placebo)

*POSTMARKETING REPORTS WITH HIGHER DOSES OF BROMOCRIPTINE USED FOR OTHER INDICATIONS INCLUDE PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS, HALLUCINATIONS, AND FIBROTIC COMPLICATIONS.

Hazard ratio: The hazard ratio quantifies the probability of an event happening within a specified time interval. In the CYCLOSET Safety Trial, the time period was 52 weeks. For all-cause serious adverse events, the hazard ratio of 1.02 shows that the probability of an event happening during the 52-week study to a CYCLOSET patient was not statistically different from an event happening to a placebo patient.1,2 1.02, upper bound of one-sided 96% confidence interval: 1.27

Hypoglycemia rate was not statistically different from placebo

6.9% (142/2054) of CYCLOSET patients vs 5.3% (54/1016) of placebo patients

Weight gain was similar to placebo

+0.2 kg for CYCLOSET patients vs +0.1 kg for placebo patients

Study Design: A 52-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled safety study of 3070 patients. Patients were treated with diet or no more than 2 antidiabetic medications (metformin, insulin secretagogues such as sulfonylurea, thiazolidinediones, alpha glucosidase inhibitors, and/or insulin). The primary endpoint of the 52-week CYCLOSET Safety Trial was the occurrence of all-cause serious adverse events (SAEs). SAEs occurred in 8.5% (176/2054) of CYCLOSET patients vs 9.6% (98/1016) of placebo-treated patients.1

INDICATION

CYCLOSET® (bromocriptine mesylate) 0.8 mg tablets is a dopamine receptor agonist indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

LIMITATIONS OF USE

CYCLOSET should not be used to treat type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis.

Limited efficacy data in combination with thiazolidinediones.

Efficacy has not been confirmed in combination with insulin.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

Contraindications
CYCLOSET is contraindicated in:

Patients with hypersensitivity to ergot-related drugs, bromocriptine or to any of the excipients in CYCLOSET.

Patients with syncopal migraines. May precipitate hypotension.

Postpartum patients. Serious and life-threatening adverse reactions have been reported.

Lactating patients. CYCLOSET contains bromocriptine which inhibits lactation.

Orthostatic Hypotension/Syncope

CYCLOSET can cause orthostatic hypotension and syncope, particularly upon initiation or dose escalation. Use caution in patients taking antihypertensive medications. Orthostatic vital signs should be assessed prior to initiation of CYCLOSET and periodically thereafter.

Advise patients during early treatment to avoid situations that could lead to injury if syncope were to occur, and to make slow postural changes.

Psychotic Disorders

The use of CYCLOSET in patients with severe psychotic disorders is not recommended.

Impulse Control/Compulsive Behaviors

Consider dose reduction or discontinuation of CYCLOSET if a patient develops intense urges to gamble, increased sexual urges, intense urges to spend money uncontrollably and/or other intense urges.

Somnolence

CYCLOSET may cause somnolence, particularly when initiating therapy. Advise patients not to drive or operate heavy machinery if symptoms of somnolence occur.

Concomitant Use of Dopamine Antagonists or Agonists

Concomitant use with dopamine antagonists, such as neuroleptic agents, may diminish the effectiveness of both drugs and is not recommended.

Effectiveness and safety are unknown in patients already taking dopamine receptor agonists for other indications and concomitant use is not recommended.

Risks in Postpartum Patients

CYCLOSET is contraindicated in postpartum patients. Serious and life-threatening adverse reactions have been reported in postpartum women who were administered bromocriptine for inhibition of lactation. These risks may be higher in postpartum patients with cardiovascular disease. The indication for use of bromocriptine for inhibition of postpartum lactation was withdrawn from bromocriptine-containing products and is not approved for CYCLOSET.

Safety and Effectiveness in Pediatrics

The safety and effectiveness of CYCLOSET in pediatric patients have not been established.

Adverse Reactions

In clinical trials, the most common adverse reactions reported in ≥5% of patients treated with CYCLOSET, and reported more commonly than in patients treated with placebo, included nausea, fatigue, dizziness, vomiting, and headache. Postmarketing reports with higher doses of bromocriptine used for other indications include psychotic disorders, hallucinations, and fibrotic complications.

Drug Interactions

May increase the unbound fraction of highly protein-bound therapies, altering their effectiveness and safety profiles.

May increase ergot-related side effects or reduce ergot effectiveness for migraines if co-administered within 6 hours of ergot-related drugs.

Extensively metabolized by CYP3A4. Limit CYCLOSET dose to 1.6 mg/day during concomitant use of moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors. Avoid concomitant use of CYCLOSET with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors.

Reference: CYCLOSET [prescribing information]. Tiverton, RI: VeroScience, LLC.

INDICATION

CYCLOSET® (bromocriptine mesylate) 0.8 mg tablets is a dopamine receptor agonist indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

LIMITATIONS OF USE

CYCLOSET should not be used to treat type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis.

Limited efficacy data in combination with thiazolidinediones.

Efficacy has not been confirmed in combination with insulin.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

Contraindications
CYCLOSET is contraindicated in:

Patients with hypersensitivity to ergot-related drugs, bromocriptine or to any of the excipients in CYCLOSET.

Patients with syncopal migraines. May precipitate hypotension.

Postpartum patients. Serious and life-threatening adverse reactions have been reported.

Lactating patients. CYCLOSET contains bromocriptine which inhibits lactation.

Orthostatic Hypotension/Syncope

CYCLOSET can cause orthostatic hypotension and syncope, particularly upon initiation or dose escalation. Use caution in patients taking antihypertensive medications. Orthostatic vital signs should be assessed prior to initiation of CYCLOSET and periodically thereafter.

Advise patients during early treatment to avoid situations that could lead to injury if syncope were to occur, and to make slow postural changes.

Psychotic Disorders

The use of CYCLOSET in patients with severe psychotic disorders is not recommended.

Impulse Control/Compulsive Behaviors

Consider dose reduction or discontinuation of CYCLOSET if a patient develops intense urges to gamble, increased sexual urges, intense urges to spend money uncontrollably and/or other intense urges.

Somnolence

CYCLOSET may cause somnolence, particularly when initiating therapy. Advise patients not to drive or operate heavy machinery if symptoms of somnolence occur.

Concomitant Use of Dopamine Antagonists or Agonists

Concomitant use with dopamine antagonists, such as neuroleptic agents, may diminish the effectiveness of both drugs and is not recommended.

Effectiveness and safety are unknown in patients already taking dopamine receptor agonists for other indications and concomitant use is not recommended.

Risks in Postpartum Patients

CYCLOSET is contraindicated in postpartum patients. Serious and life-threatening adverse reactions have been reported in postpartum women who were administered bromocriptine for inhibition of lactation. These risks may be higher in postpartum patients with cardiovascular disease. The indication for use of bromocriptine for inhibition of postpartum lactation was withdrawn from bromocriptine-containing products and is not approved for CYCLOSET.

Safety and Effectiveness in Pediatrics

The safety and effectiveness of CYCLOSET in pediatric patients have not been established.

Adverse Reactions

In clinical trials, the most common adverse reactions reported in ≥5% of patients treated with CYCLOSET, and reported more commonly than in patients treated with placebo, included nausea, fatigue, dizziness, vomiting, and headache. Postmarketing reports with higher doses of bromocriptine used for other indications include psychotic disorders, hallucinations, and fibrotic complications.

Drug Interactions

May increase the unbound fraction of highly protein-bound therapies, altering their effectiveness and safety profiles.

May increase ergot-related side effects or reduce ergot effectiveness for migraines if co-administered within 6 hours of ergot-related drugs.

Extensively metabolized by CYP3A4. Limit CYCLOSET dose to 1.6 mg/day during concomitant use of moderate CYP3A4 inhibitors. Avoid concomitant use of CYCLOSET with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors.